What is Human Trafficking?
As defined by the UN Palermo Protocol 2000:
“Trafficking in Persons”… mean[s] the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs. (Article 3, paragraph (a)).
How many people does this affect?
- 24.9 million people are victims of forced labour.
- 4.8 million people are trafficked for forced sexual exploitation.
- Women and girls are disproportionately affected by human trafficking, accounting for 71% of all victims (International Labour Organization, 2017)
Many MMMs have been involved in activities to stop human trafficking - in awareness-raising and in services for victims. You can read some of their stories here.